*either from Old French peregrinacion (pilgrimage) [12th c.],[1] or directly from the Latin peregrīnātiō (journey), from peregrīnor (sojourn), circa 1520s CE



Website initiated May 2017

“Science aims for measurable results through testing and analysis of natural phenomena.”

About Karst Landscapes

Caves form in different types of geology. One type is Karst – landscapes formed from precipitation percolating through soluble carbonate formations, such as limestone, marble, gypsum and anhydrite.


About me

‘Unorthodox thinking’ consultant, entrepreneur, investor, citizen-historian, and member of the BC Speleological Society; researching for reproducible evidence of past discovery of caves and karst landscape by combining manuscripts, mining claims, charts, colonial surveys, and maps spread across digital surveys and global archives.

I value the intrinsic value of caves and karst, but this was not always a paramount virtue in past cultures. My “cave history exploration” framework is to use my business skills to look at centuries-past explorers and adventurers as entrepreneurs, investors, explorers, consumers, builders, settlers, military leaders, and status seekers; all navigating a dangerous world for trade, profit, wealth, status, and survival.

But my goal, always, as a citizen historian, is to develop directions to test for reproducible evidence.

  1. Studying historical events that are of interest to me.
  2. Investigating tiny clues that suggest the presence of interesting puzzles.
  3. Developing a thorough picture to propose cross-disciplinary hypotheses to investigate.
  4. Reminding collaborators that hypotheses are interesting but not compelling.
  5. Evidence is the thing – is there verifiable evidence?
  6. Comments and ideas are most welcome!


Image: (1592) Doetecom, Plancius, and Claesz. Nova Francia alio nomine dicta Terra Nova. Copies held by Universiteitsbibliotheek Amsterdam and the Bibliothèque Nationale du Québec. Public domain.

This is not a commercial site. Please let me know if an image or source has not been cited properly.